UC Master Gardeners, Santa Clara County, CA
University of California
UC Master Gardeners, Santa Clara County, CA

Eggplant

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How to grow: Eggplant

Pest management: Eggplant cultural tips, pests, and diseases

The Basics

When to plant: May-June. For best results, wait until nighttime temperatures are consistently warm. Plant from transplants.

Harvest window: August-October, two to three months after transplanting, depending on variety.

Care overview: 

  • Eggplant require warm to hot weather throughout the season for good production. Hot caps or row covers can be used to elevate temperatures. Planting in a container will also help in absorbing heat.
  • Hand pollinate by shaking the flowers to improve the fruit set.
  • Stake plants to prevent branches from breaking due to fruit production and to keep the fruit off the soil.
  • Harvest when flesh is glossy and gives slightly under thumb pressure. Use a pruning shears or knife to clip the stem.
  • Don't leave mature fruit on the plants because it will suppress new fruit production.

Some Recommended Varieties for Santa Clara County*

Variety NameDescription
Kauai White Creamy, sweet, smooth
Pandora Striped Rose  Creamy, nutty, spicy
Green Giant Early Sweet, smooth
Patio Mohican Hybrid Fruity, sweet
Dusky Meaty, sweet
Violetta Lunga  Meaty, creamy
Florida High Bush Nutty, mild

* Many other varieties may also do well here in Santa Clara County. This list is based on UC Master Gardener trials, taste tests, and feedback from local growers.

Webmaster Email: webmaster-mgsantaclara@ucanr.edu