How to grow: UC Backyard Orchard, Pear
Pest management: Pears
Pruning video: Video: Winter Pruning of Apple & Pear Trees
When to plant: January–March
Harvest window: August–October, depending on variety
Fertilization: Nitrogen in spring and fall, additional applications based on tree age, health, and soil quality
Annual care overview:
- Dormant sprays as needed to control scale, aphids, mites, and overwintering psylla
- Fruit thinning if crop is heavy; recommended 6" space between fruit
- Monitor and control for common pests & diseases, such as fireblight, codling moth, and pear scab
- When to Pick the Perfect Pear (Oregon State Extension)
- Asian pear selection and harvesting (Penn State Extension)
Some Recommended Varieties for Santa Clara County*
European: Bartlett, Comice, Seckel (French Butter) and Winter Nelis
Asian (Nashi): Chojuro, Hosui,Nishiumura Wase (needs to be pollinated to "chocolate up), Seuri, Shinko and Ya Li. There are no climate or soil restrictions on growing Asian pears in this area.
* Many other varieties may also do well here in Santa Clara County. This list is based on UC Master Gardener trials, taste tests, and feedback from local growers.