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University of California
UC Master Gardeners, Santa Clara County, CA
Plant hybridization is the crossbreeding of different plant varieties. It can happen naturally but more often comes from deliberate work. A goal of hybridization is creating a new plant with the most desirable traits of its parents, such as the sweetness of a peach and the tartness of a plum. There are many different types of stone fruit hybrids. Here are some examples:
- Pluot and aprium: hybrids of a plum and an apricot, named for which fruit dominates.
- Plumcot: a 50–50 hybrid of a plum and an apricot.
- Peacotum: a hybrid of peach, apricot, and plum.
- Nectaplum: a hybrid of a nectarine and a plum.
- Cherum: a hybrid of a cherry and a plum.
- Peacherine and pectarine: hybrids of a peach and a nectarine.
- Nectarcot: a hybrid of a nectarine and an apricot.
These hybrids have had varying degrees of commercial success, and availability may be limited. But development continues, so you may hear of others in the future.
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