How to grow
Pest management: Artichoke Pest Management
Artichokes are considered a cool season crop but can be grown as a perennial in Santa Clara County. They require lots of sun, plenty of water, and occasional protection from frost.
When to plant: September–October
- Two crops per year can be expected. After spring harvest, cut off the old stalks just below ground. New shoots will develop and produce a fall crop.
- Each flowering stem produces one large artichoke at the tip and several smaller ones below.
- Harvest the central bud first, when scales are tightly closed and the globe is about the size of an orange. The stem should still be supple 2 inches beneath the globe.
- Avoid artichokes that have already begun to open as they will be tough in texture.
- Artichoke plants reach a height of 3 or 4 feet and a spread of up to 6 feet in diameter, so allow plenty of space for them to grow. Don't plant them near tree roots, as they don't compete well for nutrients and water.
- Artichokes have an appetite for nitrogen. When planting, mix manure, compost, or other organic matter into the first foot of soil in about equal volumes.
- During the growing season, the artichoke needs to be irrigated about once weekly.
- After spring harvest, cut old stalks just below ground level. New shoots will develop and produce a fall crop.
Recommended Varieties for Santa Clara County*
|Artichoke Violetto Precoce, OP
|Mid-early violet purple artichoke with medium-sized, thorn-free globes. Tight, thick leaves are deliciously meaty yet tender. Very traditional Italian variety.
|Accounts for over half of the artichoke production in California. Sharp spines with large, heavy, consistent-quality, globe-shaped heads. Also known as Vert Globe.
|Grows 3–4' tall and bears 3 to 8, 4-inch-diameter spineless buds.
* Many other varieties may also do well here in Santa Clara County. This list is based on UC Master Gardener trials, taste tests, and feedback from local growers.